Credit score…Tamir Kalifa for The New York Occasions

Cheered by polls and robust early vote tallies, some Democrats went into Election Day hoping for a transparent repudiation of President Trump and an Electoral Faculty landslide. However because the counting rolled on into Tuesday night time, it appeared extra doubtless that the competition would flip right into a state-by-state slog that would drag deeper into the week.

Mr. Trump was holding off Joseph R. Biden Jr. in three states throughout the South that Mr. Biden had hoped to grab again from Republican column: Florida, Georgia and North Carolina. The president had a powerful lead in Florida. These weren’t must-win states for Mr. Biden by any means, however he spent closely in all three locations. A Biden victory in Florida would have significantly left Mr. Trump only a few roads again to the White Home.

Essentially the most encouraging signal on the map for Mr. Biden was in Arizona, the place he was main in a state that Mr. Trump received in 2016. He additionally received New Hampshire, a state that Hillary Clinton had solely narrowly carried 4 years in the past and one which Mr. Trump had as soon as hoped to flip in 2020.

In a briefing for donors on Tuesday night time, Biden marketing campaign officers acknowledged underperforming amongst Cuban-People within the Miami space, however noticed optimistic indicators with their power in some suburbs in Ohio, in response to two individuals acquainted with the matter.

Marketing campaign officers signaled that Biden’s group was making ready to attend for votes to be counted in three Northern battlegrounds that Mr. Trump carried in 2016 — Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin — the place it nonetheless feels bullish.

Florida, North Carolina and Arizona might nonetheless be referred to as comparatively rapidly, however vote-counting in Michigan and Wisconsin shouldn’t be anticipated to be accomplished on Tuesday. And Pennsylvania received’t begin counting its early votes till tomorrow; that would draw on by way of the top of the week.

The Presidential Race

Credit score…Erin Schaff/The New York Occasions

As polls closed throughout the East Coast and into the center of the nation on Tuesday, President Trump and Joseph R. Biden Jr. started scoring early and anticipated victories — with Mr. Biden prevailing in New Hampshire, a state Mr. Trump has not too long ago mused about capturing.

However essentially the most hotly contested contests, in Florida, Georgia and North Carolina, remained too near name — and Democratic goals of a sweeping victory akin to the 2018 midterms, and even an early decision of the race, started to dwindle as the information poured in.

Mr. Biden was racking up expected wins in Democratic-leaning states: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia and Washington.

Mr. Trump was posting related anticipated victories in Alabama, Arkansas, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, West Virginia, Wyoming, Indiana and South Carolina.

Among the many greatest states to shut that was too early to name was Texas, a 38-vote Electoral Faculty prize that has not gone Democratic since 1976.

Essentially the most intense consideration was on the swing state of Florida and its 29 Electoral Faculty votes. There, Mr. Trump was overperforming his 2016 vote totals within the populous Miami-Dade County, with 526,000-plus votes to this point counted in 2020 in contrast with about 334,000 complete 4 years in the past — an infinite enchancment.

Florida is a vital a part of nearly any Electoral Faculty pathway for Mr. Trump to hit the 270 votes wanted to safe re-election. Mr. Biden is seen to have a number of paths with out the state.

Three different states which are vital to Mr. Trump’s electoral math, Ohio, Georgia and North Carolina, had been additionally too near name as turnout throughout the nation appeared on monitor to set a contemporary report.

Polls had additionally closed in Michigan and Pennsylvania, two of the earlier Democratic “blue wall” states that Mr. Trump flipped in 2016, however that Mr. Biden was aiming to win again in 2020.

Battle for the Senate

Credit score…David Zalubowski/Related Press

Former Gov. John Hickenlooper defeated Senator Cory Gardner on Tuesday within the high-profile struggle for Colorado’s Senate seat, securing a victory important to Democrats’ push to take the Senate majority. In South Carolina, Senator Lindsey Graham, a Republican, hung onto his seat and defeated a Democrat backed by a record-setting onslaught of marketing campaign money.

The end result of Mr. Hickenlooper’s race, through which the primary Senate seat of the night time flipped, as referred to as by The Related Press, was not a shock since Mr. Gardner, who had been thought of a rising Republican star when he was elected in 2014, trailed in polls all through his re-election race. In the long run, he was unable to beat the growing Democratic tilt of the state and President Trump’s poor standing there, regardless of some stumbles by Mr. Hickenlooper.

Mr. Hickenlooper, 68, a two-term governor and former mayor of Denver, will add an skilled voice to Democrats’ Senate ranks, one with a background in Western power and environmental points. After initially professing no real interest in working for the Senate, he reconsidered after his 2019 bid within the Democratic presidential major went nowhere.

In South Carolina, Mr. Graham fended off the hardest problem of his political profession from Jaime Harrison, a Black Democrat whose upstart marketing campaign electrified progressives throughout the nation. Mr. Graham was anticipated to carry on to his seat, however needed to struggle off a report quantity of Democratic cash funneled into the state by liberal donors who sought to punish him for his loyalty to Mr. Trump.

Senator John Cornyn, Republican of Texas, additionally fended off a problem from M.J. Hegar, a former Air Power pilot who Democrats hoped might have an out of doors likelihood of profitable within the quickly altering state. And Republicans succeeded in ousting Senator Doug Jones, Democrat of Alabama, who got here to energy in a 2017 particular election in opposition to Roy S. Moore, who was accused of sexually assaulting and pursuing teenage ladies.

Mr. Hickenlooper’s victory, although not surprising, is a vital pickup for Democrats as they search to wrest management of the Senate from Republicans, who at the moment maintain the bulk within the chamber by a margin of 53 to 47. A internet achieve of three seats would put Democrats in management ought to former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. win the presidency. If President Trump wins re-election, positioning Vice President Mike Pence to solid tiebreaking votes within the Senate, Democrats would wish to win 4 seats to win a majority.

Democrats believe they are on track to win a seat in Arizona and are on the hunt for a half-dozen others beginning with ones in Maine and Iowa. In Georgia, the Rev. Dr. Raphael G. Warnock, a Democrat, superior to a runoff election in opposition to Senator Kelly Loeffler, the Republican incumbent. The opposite race within the state, between Jon Ossoff, the Democratic challenger, and Senator David Perdue, a Republican, was too near name.

Democratic strategists are holding an in depth eye on Senator Gary Peters, Democrat of Michigan, who’s going through a severe problem.

In Kentucky, Senator Mitch McConnell, the bulk chief, easily won re-election, defeating Amy McGrath, a Democrat who struggled to achieve floor regardless of an outpouring of monetary assist from her get together’s supporters across the nation.

Credit score…Saul Martinez for The New York Occasions

The polls in Florida and Georgia at the moment are closed, and Florida, a must-win battleground for President Trump with 29 electoral votes, gave the impression to be edging towards the president on the power of his assist amongst Latinos within the Miami space.

With Georgia’s tally slowed by technical issues in Atlanta, all eyes had been on Florida, a perennial battleground Mr. Trump received narrowly 4 years in the past.

A significant surge by Mr. Trump among the many Cuban-American voters within the Miami-Dade County space appears to have offset features by Joseph R. Biden Jr. in Tampa and Jacksonville — and two Democratic incumbents within the Miami space had been having issue keeping off sharp challenges from Republicans.

In populous Miami-Dade, Mr. Trump was overperforming his 2016 vote totals, with 512,000-plus votes to this point counted in 2020 in contrast with about 334,000 complete 4 years in the past — an infinite enchancment.

Democrats had been additionally dealt twin shock blows within the space when each Representatives Debbie Mucarsel-Powell and Donna Shalala, a former well being and human providers secretary, had been defeated early within the night time of their adjoining districts.

The Biden marketing campaign had despatched former President Barack Obama to Miami on the eve of the election to attempt to rally supporters to the polls.

“The explanation why I’m again right here in South Florida is that I do know a few of you haven’t voted but,” Mr. Obama had said on Monday.

However Mr. Biden was exhibiting power in different elements of the state, and the margins had been too slender to declare a winner. Mr. Biden, for example, was main in Duval County, dwelling of town of Jacksonville, which Mr. Trump carried in 2016.

Different key counties had been Pinellas, within the Tampa Bay space and Seminole, close to Orlando. Additionally control St. Lucie, which went for former President Barack Obama twice after which swung to Mr. Trump in 2016. And for a take a look at Republican base turnout, there’s Sumter County, dwelling to The Villages retirement group.

Essentially the most aggressive congressional race within the state is in the 26th District, which stretches from the western Miami suburbs to Key West. However there’s additionally an open seat north of Tampa price monitoring.

Georgia, a light-red state in 2016 that has change into a 2020 tossup, can also be the location of two hard-fought Senate contests: the incumbent Republican senator, David Perdue, is keeping off a stout problem from Jon Ossoff, a Democrat, and Senator Kelly Loeffler, who was appointed to fill a vacant seat, is going through challenges from Consultant Doug Collins, a Republican, and the Rev. Dr. Raphael G. Warnock, a Democrat.

Each races might end in runoffs subsequent 12 months if the winner doesn’t attain the 50 % threshold.

In a name with reporters late Tuesday, Mr. Biden’s marketing campaign described Florida as a “coin flip,” an outline that has match the state for many years. However Georgia, with its quickly increasing suburbs, is taken into account a brand new take a look at of Mr. Biden’s declare he can develop Hillary Clinton’s 2016 map.

Each candidates and their surrogates blanketed the state throughout the closing two weeks of the marketing campaign, with journeys there from Mr. Biden, Mr. Obama and Senator Kamala Harris, Mr. Biden’s working mate. Mr. Trump staged an enormous rally in Rome, Ga., over the weekend.

“We win Georgia, we win every little thing,” Biden mentioned at a drive-in rally in Atlanta final week.

Though many winners could rapidly be evident on election night time, the rise in mail voting due to the pandemic is anticipated to push again the discharge of full ends in many key states.

The New York Occasions requested officers in each state and the District of Columbia about their reporting processes and what share of votes they anticipate to be counted by midday on Wednesday, Nov. 4. There’s a honest quantity of uncertainty surrounding ends in any election, however right here’s what they mentioned to anticipate:

Even as soon as the early and in-person ballots are counted, a major variety of votes might nonetheless be excellent. Solely 9 states anticipate to have not less than 98 % of unofficial outcomes reported by midday the day after the election. Officers in Michigan and Pennsylvania, two key battleground states, have mentioned full official counts could take several days.

The rise in mail voting might additionally result in extra provisional votes solid, growing the variety of ballots counted later.

Outcomes are never official until final certification, which happens in every state within the weeks following the election.

The order through which several types of votes are reported might additionally make one get together look stronger at varied factors within the night time. Democrats usually tend to vote by mail this 12 months, so in states the place these would be the first sort of ballots launched, like Arizona, Florida and North Carolina, preliminary outcomes might skew in favor of Joseph R. Biden Jr. Locations that report in-person Election Day votes first, like most elements of Virginia, will in all probability look higher for President Trump.

However the preliminary skew in a state’s outcomes could final solely a short time, and it will likely be influenced by which counties or precincts within the state are the quickest to report.

After election night time, there may be misleadingly optimistic outcomes for Mr. Trump in sure states, with mail ballots trickling in over the following days favoring Mr. Biden.

The presidential race will likely be determined by voters in additional than a dozen aggressive states, the place Joseph R. Biden Jr. and President Trump will focus their efforts to win the 270 electoral votes wanted to achieve the White Home. Within the interactive diagram linked beneath, attempt constructing your individual coalition of states, that are organized in response to Cook dinner Political Report scores, to see potential outcomes.

Credit score…Audra Melton for The New York Occasions

A significant nationwide voter safety hotline has obtained extra reviews of voter intimidation than it did in 2016, and outcomes will likely be delayed in Georgia due to — what else would you anticipate in 2020? — a burst pipe at a website the place election employees had been counting absentee ballots.

However no ballots on the website in Atlanta had been broken by the water, election officers mentioned. And regardless of the disconcerting enhance in intimidation reviews, with polls closed in more than half the country, voting and vote-counting proceed to go extra easily than many voting rights advocates had feared.

The night time is shaping as much as be, in different phrases, a combined bag.

“I believe it’s pretty protected to say that the extraordinary voter safety effort that we have now seen this 12 months, which proved robust and strong — mixed with litigation that targeted with laser precision on tearing down the restrictions and burdens confronted by voters throughout the pandemic — has made at the moment a comparatively clean Election Day throughout the nation,” Kristen Clarke, the president and govt director of the Nationwide Legal professionals’ Committee for Civil Rights Below Legislation, advised reporters round 7 p.m. Jap time. “There certainly have been points and could also be points as we transfer into the ultimate hours of Election Day, however little question we had been bracing for the worst and have been pleasantly shocked.”

The reviews of intimidation embody armed Trump supporters standing exterior some polling locations — together with not less than one in Charlotte, N.C., the place the person was in the end arrested, and one in Baker, La., the place voters referred to as the Legal professionals’ Committee’s hotline to report a person waving a Trump flag and holding a big gun.

“The remoted incidents of voter intimidation have been issues that we can’t ignore,” Ms. Clarke mentioned. “They haven’t been widespread and systematic, however they’ve been far larger in quantity than we have now seen in latest elections and are a mirrored image of the darkish occasions we’re in as a nation.”

Republicans are additionally, as anticipated, attempting to problem ballots in some states — significantly Pennsylvania, the place they’re trying to cease election officers from contacting voters whose mail ballots had been rejected on technicalities to supply them provisional ballots. Some machines in Philadelphia malfunctioned early within the day. Voting hours had been prolonged at some polling websites, together with in Georgia and North Carolina, due to delays.

And but, for all of the nervousness and abnormality of this election — the masks, the six-foot divides, greater than 100 million individuals casting ballots earlier than the day even began — the voting machines labored, for essentially the most half. The traces had been at occasions lengthy, however they moved rapidly, for essentially the most half.

Credit score…Eve Edelheit for The New York Occasions

One factor is already clear: The turnout on this election will likely be historic.

We received’t know the ultimate turnout numbers for a while, however they’re on monitor to be monumental, as evidenced by the truth that not less than six states have already surpassed their 2016 vote totals with a number of hours left to go in lots of locations.

Based on the United States Election Project, 2020 votes have already exceeded 2016 votes in Colorado, Hawaii, Montana, Oregon, Texas and Washington State.

By the top of the night time, the identical might simply be true in Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina and Utah, all of which had reported greater than 90 % of their 2016 totals by earlier at the moment.

Michael P. McDonald, a College of Florida professor who compiles information from throughout the nation, mentioned that the nation gave the impression to be on monitor for roughly 160 million complete votes solid. That might imply a turnout charge of about 67 % of the eligible voting inhabitants — greater than america has seen in additional than a century.

Across the nation, Black voters had been on tempo to drastically surpass their turnout from 2016, in response to voter information analyzed and launched Tuesday by the Collective PAC, which is devoted to electing Black lawmakers.

Quentin James, the founding father of the PAC, mentioned greater than 616,000 Black individuals had already solid ballots in Texas — greater than the 582,000 who voted in 2016 — and that the turnout of Black voters in Nevada, Georgia, North Carolina and Arizona was on tempo to simply overtake 2016 ranges.

In Pennsylvania, a vital swing state, Democratic officers mentioned they felt significantly bullish about turnout in Philadelphia. With slightly below 400,000 mail ballots solid and features at lots of of polling locations across the metropolis beginning at 6:30 a.m., one Democratic official mentioned he thought the turnout might surge previous ranges seen in 2008 for former President Barack Obama.

On the opposite aspect, Invoice Bretz, chairman of the Republican Celebration in Westmoreland County, Pa., which incorporates jap suburbs of Pittsburgh, mentioned turnout had been “exceptionally excessive” there.

We don’t have sufficient data but to say whether or not extra Democrats or extra Republicans voted in most states. We do know that Democrats had a powerful benefit in early voting, and that Republicans had been anticipated to have a bonus in Election Day voting — however there’s a lot much less Election Day voting this 12 months than in previous years.


Credit score…Tamir Kalifa for The New York Occasions

Bolstered by eroding assist for President Trump in vital battlegrounds, Home Democrats are poised to expand their majority, utilizing a shocking cash-on-hand benefit and wave of liberal enthusiasm to push into districts Republicans haven’t misplaced in many years.

Citing a dismal nationwide setting and a revolt of prosperous, suburban voters in conventional conservative strongholds thronging the nation from the Midwest to Texas, Republican strategists privately predict shedding anyplace from a handful of seats to twenty, and have targeted their efforts on offsetting their losses in largely rural, white working-class districts.

Antipathy towards Mr. Trump’s dealing with of the pandemic and his inflammatory model of politics has dragged down congressional Republicans throughout the nation, opening up once unfathomable inroads for Democrats within the suburbs of Indianapolis, Omaha, St. Louis and Phoenix. In an indication of their prospects, Democrats are storming once ruby-red parts of Texas, positioning themselves in putting distance of choosing up as many as 5 seats on the outskirts of Houston and Dallas.

Republicans, trying to restrict the attain of a possible Democratic sweep, are focusing on a number of incumbents locked in tight races in rural areas of central New York, New Mexico, and Minnesota, and historically conservative seats in Utah, Oklahoma and South Carolina that Democrats captured in 2018.

However the terrain all however ensures there will likely be not less than one foothold of Democratic energy in Washington, and solidifies Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s grip on her gavel, positioning her to both stay a verify on a Trump presidency or as a key ally to a Biden administration.

American intelligence officers are expecting stepped-up overseas election interference if the outcomes of the presidential race take days to emerge, together with whether or not adversarial nations attempt to foment violence inside america, the top of the Nationwide Safety Company mentioned on Tuesday.

Overseas powers contemplating whether or not to attempt to affect the end result of the race will change their calculations if “there’s a clearly outlined winner” by Wednesday, the official, Gen. Paul M. Nakasone, advised reporters. However vote-counting that takes days or even weeks to find out a winner might doubtless immediate extra overseas interference efforts, he mentioned.

“There’s a time period the place we’re watching this rigorously to see if our adversaries are going to attempt to take benefit if there’s a shut vote,” he mentioned.

Prior to now a number of days and weeks, overseas nations interfered lower than that they had main as much as the 2018 midterm elections, Normal Nakasone additionally mentioned. However, he added, extra nations total had been attempting to intrude than in previous elections.

Overseas powers together with Russia, Iran or China might attempt to sow doubt in regards to the integrity of the vote rely or safety of the election by way of affect operations or hacking makes an attempt, present and former officers have mentioned.

American officers retaliated in latest days in opposition to an operation final month by Iranian hackers who despatched spoofed emails to voters in Florida and different states, in response to two officers briefed on the response. The Washington Submit earlier reported the operation.

American officers had discovered of the playbook Iran had mapped out to conduct additional interference efforts, however the retaliatory operation appeared to succeed, hampering the Iranian group’s potential to conduct additional such operations forward of Election Day, the officers mentioned. Normal Nakasone declined to debate particular operations.

He did increase the prospect that overseas powers might attempt to stoke violence with excessive home teams if the outcomes are shut and tensions are excessive. Russia and different overseas governments have repeatedly tried to amplify unrest in america, together with after far-right rallies and counterprotests in Charlottesville, Va., in 2017, that killed a lady and injured dozens, intelligence officers have mentioned.

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