According to Guinness World Records, which appears nearly as good an authority as any, the reply is the Achaemenid Empire in 480 B.C. Also referred to as the Persian Empire, it is estimated that 44% of the world’s inhabitants was dominated from the Achaemenid throne in what’s now modern-day Iran, making it historical past’s largest empire by this measure.

Nonetheless, maybe unsurprisingly, not everybody agrees. That is as a result of the share of the worldwide inhabitants is just one technique to measure the expanse of an empire, and a few query whether or not it is actually truthful to make use of that metric when evaluating empires from completely different time intervals. For instance, when the Achaemenid Empire was at its top, there have been solely 112.4 million individuals alive. The British dominated over a relatively meager quarter of the world’s population in 1901, however by then the worldwide inhabitants had swelled to 1.6 billion individuals. Is it cheap to match the British and Achaemenid empires with this metric? Or are we evaluating apples to oranges? 



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